Site Sanitation

Poor site sanitation creates problems.  These problems can include contaminated potable water and supplies, spread of germs, unpleasant odors, and uninvited wildlife. 

Tips for Safe Water

  • Containers used to dispense drinking water shall be kept tightly closed and equipped with a tap.
  • Water shall not be dipped from containers.
  • Any container used to distribute drinking water shall be clearly marked as to the nature of its contents and not used for any other purpose.
  • The use of a common drinking cup is prohibited.
  • Where single service cups are supplied, both a sanitary container for the unused cups and a receptacle for disposing of the used cups shall be provided.
  • All water containers used to furnish drinking water shall be thoroughly cleaned at least once each week or more often as conditions require.

Non-Potable Water

Outlets for non-potable water, such as water for industrial or firefighting purposes only, shall be identified by signs meeting the requirements of WAC 296-155-140 to indicate clearly that the water is unsafe and is not be used for drinking, washing or cooking purposes.

There shall be no cross-connection, open or potential, between a system furnishing potable water, a system furnishing non-potable water, or a system furnishing wash water. 

Site Cleanliness

  • Provide adequate number of garbage cans in work zones.
  • Containers must have secured lids to keep out animals.

Portable Toilets

  • Throw waste away in approved container.
  • Follow proper restroom etiquette.
  • Keep regular maintenance of portable toilets.
  • Have adequate number of toilets; 1- 10 employees, 1 toilet, 11-25 employees; 2 toilets; 26-40 employees, 3 toilets; 41-60 employees, 4 toilets; 61-80 employees, 5 toilets; 61-80 employees, 6 toilets; over 80 employees must have one additional toilet for each additional twenty employees or any fraction thereof.
  • On multi-story structures, toilets shall be furnished on every third floor and be located within 200 feet horizontally of all employees.
  • If used, sufficient supply of clean wash water, proper temperature, sufficient supply of towels and cleansing agents
  • A clean site is a happy site.  Site cleanliness will help boost morale, especially on days when warm temperatures increases the odors.
Number of Employees Toilets Required
1-10 1
11-25 2
26-40 3
41-60 4
61-80 5
Over 80 One additional for each additional 20

Presenter tips

  • Pre-read the Toolbox Talk. Your comfort level and confidence will be higher if you know your topic.
  • Discuss related tasks, work areas or events that make the Toolbox Talk relevant to your job site.
  • Involve the workers by asking questions and input that drives discussion.

Questions for Discussion

  • What is your pet peeve for site sanitation?
  • What additional things can we do to make sanitation better?